A climber suddenly falls into a crevasse and Nick Watson dives into the snow with his ice ax. The rope goes taut and Watson, a bearded, muscled man, digs in like an anchor, and the climber is caught.
“You OK?” shouts Watson.
There is no answer from the climber down in the hole. He is unconscious or injured, perhaps bleeding.
“Don’t worry, we’ll get you out!” yells Watson anyway.
In a matter of minutes, Watson has tied off the dangling climber, slammed two stakes into the snow, and set up a five-to-one pulley system. Using his own body weight, Watson gradually hauls the injured mountaineer out of the crevasse.
Back on the surface, the unconscious climber suddenly awakes. “Wow! That really works.”
It was a simulated mountain rescue—a teaching scenario for a group of former soldiers, Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, all standing in the snow.
“This is the way you save someone’s life,” says Watson.
He’s talking about basic crevasse rescue techniques, but he might as well be talking about the organization he founded, Veterans Expeditions, or VetEx, a nonprofit that takes veterans into the outdoors.
“Vets often go from a world with deep camaraderie, commitment, and excitement to a world where they are isolated, at loose ends, and bored,” Watson says in explaining the concept behind the program. Watson speaks from experience—he is a former U.S. Army Ranger—and he knows just how psychologically perilous the military experience can be: Veterans commit suicide at more than twice the rate of civilians.
Having worked as an alpine guide and a counselor in wilderness therapy programs for over a decade, Watson, 40, also believes in the healing force of nature and was convinced that a vigorous outdoor experience would be tonic for veterans, a way for them to “reconnect with fellow soldiers, get outside, and push themselves in a healthy environment.” VetEx—created with another veteran, Stacy Bare—was the outgrowth of that conviction. In its first year, 2010, VetEx took 16 veterans into the mountains for climbing; in 2011, it was over 100; in 2013, almost 300.
By consciously replacing the fellowship of arms with the fellowship of the rope, VetEx hit on a novel remedy for readjustment to civilian life—a soldier by soldier, hands-on approach that larger veterans organizations like the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) couldn’t provide.
In Watson’s family, joining the military was part of the natural progression of manhood: One grandfather served in World War II, the other in Korea; his father served in Vietnam. He spent over four years in an elite Army unit, the Third Ranger Battalion, on numerous international deployments.
“I pushed myself in the military and had many intense experiences,” says Watson, “but things changed for me when two of my Ranger buddies killed themselves. These were guys I grew up with. I was there in seconds after they shot themselves, but there was nothing I could do.”
He left the Army soon afterward, but it took years for him to recover from the trauma of those deaths. He traveled around the country, worked seasonal jobs, and slowly found solace in the wild. “A therapist I was seeing at the time, a very wise woman, said something that changed my life: ‘You aren’t your experiences; you are how you process your experiences.'”
Thoughtful and passionate, with a sturdy body and three fingers missing on his right hand from an oil rig accident, Watson has been running the organization on his own since 2011, when Bare moved on to direct the Sierra Club’s veterans programs in New England and North Carolina. “We’re a grassroots organization,” says Watson. “It’s friends telling friends.” VetEx has only one paid employee—Watson—and calls on volunteers to run the outdoor “meetups” throughout Colorado.
“Our biggest challenge right now is funding,” says Watson, who relies on his partner, journalist Chris Kassar, 37, to work as VetEx’s unpaid “PR and ‘Fun’ Raising Director.” Keen shoe company and Kahtoola Snowshoes are their only equipment sponsors. “We get new vets outdoors every month, and we’re changing their lives. We don’t need a lot of funding, just enough to keep going.”
Watson, who was named a National Geographic Adventurer of the Year for 2014, along with Stacy Bare, says his goal is to get thousands of vets outdoors by 2020, training veterans to lead trips all over the country.
The U.S. military is aware of the problem, if uncertain what to do about it. The VA has set up a crisis hotline and a website offering help through direct phone contact, online chats, and other resources, but VA hospitals are notoriously backlogged and slow to respond to veterans struggling with mental illness. Brigadier General David Harris recently wrote on the Eglin Air Force Base website that “it is important for us to re-address topics such as suicide prevention and awareness.” He encourages friends and family to be alert to the “clues and warnings” of potential suicide, such as depression, drug or alcohol abuse, impulsiveness, and reclusiveness. “When we observe our wingman appearing depressed … request help early on.”
Clearly, Iraq and Afghanistan veterans aren’t the only ones overwhelmed by despair: Almost 70 percent of suicides among veterans are by Vietnam War soldiers, 50 years old or older, a community that suffered a particularly hard return to a society that was largely hostile to the war they fought.
And suicide isn’t limited to those who saw combat. A recent Department of Defense study, citing heavy drinking and depression as root problems, found that almost 80 percent of suicides are by soldiers who did not experience combat. A 2014 report in JAMA Psychiatryrevealed that almost 20 percent of Army enlistees struggled with depression, panic attacks, suicidal thoughts, or “intermittent explosive disorder”—a condition characterized by uncontrollable attacks of rage—before they joined the service.
And then there is the pervasiveness of post-traumatic stress disorder. One in five veterans of Afghanistan or Iraq and a stunning 30 percent of Vietnam vets have PTSD. Other soldiers have returned home with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), often caused by the concussive force of an improvised explosive device (IED). Unlike scars and amputations, these are the “invisible injuries” of war.
Veterans Expeditions made 3 trips to Ouray Ice Park this Winter. These trips saw active military and veterans learn new skills as they worked hard to improve their ice climbing. We stayed together, cooked meals together, and enjoyed old stories of military service and new stories of civilian life. Veterans were focused on creating civilian success and active military were taking a break before the next deployment.
We had ice climbing first timers and experienced veteran climbers sharing knowledge of all things on and off the ice. It was great to see so many veterans going after it all day climbing and enjoying each others company in the evening.
There was great ice to be had at the Ouray Ice Park all winter long. We climbed in the snow and in clear skies. We climbed mixed routes, hard routes, easy routes, we climbed it all. The community created while climbing at the ice park has followed us back home. These ice climbing veterans have continued to climb with each other and hang out outside of VetEx. The true test to the VetEx community is that our veterans lean on each other for support outside of our trips. These trips build camaraderie that endures into these veterans home lives.
At VetEx we will challenge you outside and everything else falls into place when veterans meet that challenge as a strong community. See you out there.
How does a group of veterans get the chance to climb with elite mountaineer Conrad Anker? Why organize such a trip? These are the questions asked of me after unloading the van from our latest trip to Montana. They are easy questions to answer. This was Conrad’s idea I say. It came about when VetEx ran a trip in Glacier National Park last August with Conrad Anker and James Baylog of Chasing Ice. The trip was a veteran led climate recon team that was to look at climate change on an up close and personal level. On that trip our veterans got to climb a very remote peak in the park with Conrad Anker. A short film will be out soon from the trips sponsor, the Sierra Club. On the summit of Blackfoot Mountain, Conrad said to our group that we should come to Montana this winter and climb ice in Hyalite Canyon and that is exactly what we did.
And so the story continues. We climb ice with groups of veterans because it is fun, it is challenging, it brings up what we miss from active duty military service, camaraderie, team work, being a part of something bigger than ourselves. Trips like these help us step back, relax, talk about things we don’t talk to everyone about, and then take it all back to our day to day lives. Veterans learn new skills and develop old skills with the help of other veterans doing the same. Trips like these help fill the void of the normalcy of civilian life and help with that difficult transition from active duty service to civilian society.
We spent 4 nights out winter camping on this trip. The time spent away from technology is nice because all we have to do is climb and hang out with one another. The 11 veterans on this trip have stories to tell of their individual service. All 11 stories worthy of sharing and when told help shed light on the experiences of our men and women who serve in our military. It is so refreshing for me to see a diverse group of military veterans work together and become functioning members of our backcountry team. The bonds and connections made will stay with them long after the trip is over. I feel so fortunate to witness this over and over again. If the people of our nation could only see and witness what I experience on these trips and expeditions, veterans would have all the resources they need.
I want to give recognition to the 2 stories that have come out on this expedition already.
These stories help tell the story of what happens when veterans get outside together. Please read them for more perspective on the trips that Veterans Expeditions run. I would like to thank our sponsors the Sierra Club, the North Face, Petzl, Blue Water Ropes, Mountain Equipment Recyclers, Keen, Julbo, and Kahtoola. Please enjoy the following photos that tell the story of this trip much better than I can.
By Nick Watson
Co-Founder of Veterans Expeditions